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All You Need to Know About Brain Tumors, Their Symptoms and Treatments

WORLD BRAIN TUMOR DAY 2022: A brain tumor is characterized by abnormal growth of cells in the brain. Tumors can grow in any part of the brain or skull including the underside of the brain, protective lining, brainstem and nasal cavity among others.

When the tumor grows inside the brain, it puts pressure on that part thus also affecting the body functions that the particular area is responsible for. Researchers have identified more than 120 types of brain tumors which are based on the brain tissue that it impacts.

Brain tumors can be mainly classified into two types, namely benign and malignant tumors. Benign brain tumors are non-cancerous and usually have slow growth. They have distinct and mostly don’t spread to other parts. However, benign tumors can still be dangerous as they compress and damage the part of the brain can result in severe dysfunction. When the tumor grows in a vital part of the brain, it can also be life-threatening for the individual.

Some of the benign brain tumors include vestibular, meningioma, pituitary adenoma, schwannoma, and chondroma.

Malignant brain tumors are cancerous and are characterized by rapid growth. They don’t have distinct boundaries and often invade other healthy parts if the brain. It can be life-threatening as it causes harms to the vital structures of the brain. Some of the cancerous brain tumors include medulloblastoma, chondrosarcoma, and olfactory neuroblastoma.

Symptoms

Not all brain tumors have symptoms. Meningioma, which is the most common brain tumor in adults usually grows slow and goes unnoticed. But, there are still some symptoms that one can watch out for. These symptoms depend upon the size of the tumors, the area it affects and how fast it is growing. Some are listed below.

  1. Difficulty thinking
  2. Loss of hearing
  3. memory loss
  4. Confusion and disorientation
  5. Personality or behavior changes
  6. Loss of balance or dizziness
  7. Seizures
  8. Treatment

Doctors diagnose brain tumors through neurological examination, biopsy, and brain scans. The most commonly used method to treat brain tumors is surgery. However, there are other options as well.

  1. radiotherapy
  2. Steroids
  3. Anti-seizure medication
  4. Ventricular peritoneal shunt
  5. Chemotherapy

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