If we say that the sweetness of sugarcane is not historical but mythological, then it will not be considered as an air thing. Just as the taste of sweetness is thousands of years old, similarly the sweetness of sugarcane is spreading its freshness over the years. Sugarcane juice is full of properties and its juice is very beneficial in serious diseases like jaundice. It also increases immunity to disease. Let us tell you that sugarcane does not come under the category of fruit. Then what is sugarcane?
Well-known Hindi poet Balkavi Bairagi has written a poem named ‘Ganna Mere Bhai’. It has been told in the poem that sugarcane gives sweetness even after grinding and breaking. He does not give up this quality of his. This quality of sweetness has persisted in sugarcane for thousands of years and continues even today. There are two ideologies about where sugarcane originated and how it spread, one says that it was born in a foreign island and one says that it was born in India.
This opinion is about the birth of sugarcane
Broad research suggests that sugarcane was cultivated thousands of years ago on the island of New Guinea in the South Pacific. After that sugarcane reached Indonesia, Philippines and North India after about 2000 years from here. Sugarcane arrived in China from India around 800 BC. Sugarcane cultivation was increasing in the plains till 1500 AD. After this it started being cultivated in Peru, Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela. History books also state that Christopher Columbus brought sugarcane to the Caribbean during his second voyage to America.
The earliest written reference to reed (sugarcane) is found in the Atharvaveda (ancient Indian scripture)
One ideology holds that sugarcane originated in India. According to Sushma Naithani, Associate Professor of the Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University (USA), the oldest written reference about reed (sugarcane) in the sources known so far is found in the Atharvaveda (ancient Indian scripture), where the Havan Kund was built. The use of Ikshu is mentioned in. He told that 500 BC Greek philosopher Herodotus has described a grass found in India, whose stalks were filled with honey and honey was not required to make this honey.
There are also myths about sugarcane. It is described in ancient Greek texts that sugarcane was created from the ashes of fire by a saint named Marian. There is a folklore about sugarcane in Japan that in ancient times a monk named Thamsa got angry on a huge tree on some issue and cursed him to make him thin. Later this tree was converted into sugarcane.
According to Dr. Naved Sabir, sugarcane actually comes in the species of grass.
Grass species is related to sugarcane
So the question arises that what is the species of sugarcane. It is not a vegetable in any condition, but it is not considered a fruit either. Then in which category should it be placed? According to Dr. Naved Sabir, Chief Scientist of Indian Agricultural Research Institute (Pusa), sugarcane actually comes in the species of Grass. Relentless efforts have been made to change and amend its caste, but without success. Now sugarcane is grown in most countries and about 70 percent of the sugar produced worldwide is made from sugarcane. The rest of the sugar is prepared from beetroot and other fruits.
In India’s ancient Ayurvedic text ‘Charakasamhita’, ‘Ikshuvarga’ describes sugarcane in great detail and apart from its castes it has also been told that what can be made from its juice. According to the text, its juice is powerful, cooling, aliphatic but also phlegmatic. Vaidyaraj Vineet Valanju says that sugarcane (juice) is rich in carbohydrates, so energy remains in the body for a long time. Sugarcane juice is beneficial for liver-related jaundice disease, as well as it increases immunity. The disadvantage of sugarcane juice is that if it is consumed in excess, it increases the amount of sugar. Excessive consumption can cause dizziness, headache.
FIRST PUBLISHED : May 27, 2022, 08:38 IST